Wing Chun vs. Taekwondo: Which One is Better


Is Taekwondo Effective as Self Defense In a Street Fight?

When talking about martial arts, Wing Chun and Taekwondo are the two very popular styles that can never be ignored. But, many people wonder, which one of these, Wing Chun or Taekwondo is better?

Taekwondo is a better martial art to learn, has revolutionized over the years, and is equipped with modern-day defensive and attacking strategies, while Wing Chun is a classic martial art more focused on blocking the opponent attacks with a sound answer.

Let us look into each of them to have a better insight into both of these martial art styles.

What is Wing Chun?

Wing Chun is a Chinese martial art that originated in China about 300 years ago. It mainly concerns self-defense techniques that can be used in close combats. A Wing Chun fighter masters striking methods and other defensive controlling techniques.  

A Buddhist nun and the master of Shaolin Kung Fu; Ng Mui, developed Wing Chun techniques to eliminate the major drawbacks of Kung Fu moves. She had a short height, and thus, she molded the conventional Kung Fu techniques to work with short-heightened people.

Ng Mui began to teach these techniques to the people of Southern China. While she only had a few students, her techniques were named after one of her best students; named Wing Chun. However, her moves and techniques earned fame across the globe, when the Kung Fu master, IP Man, started teaching them. 

The art of Wing Chun entails some incredibly smart techniques. These techniques are applicable in the modern-day martial arts, they can be learned in a relatively short period, and they suit people of all sizes and heights.

What is Taekwondo?

One of the most renowned martial arts, Taekwondo, primarily deals with defensive and attacking techniques. A Taekwondo fighter uses both his hands and feet to defend himself and attack the opponent in closed unarmed combat. 

The ancient Korean art of Taekwondo goes 2300 years back. The word ‘Taekwondo’ consists of three words; ‘Tae,’ ‘Kwon,’ and ‘do,’ where Tae means ‘foot,’ Kwon means ‘hands’ and ‘do’ suggests a way of life. 

When put together, the word ‘Taekwondo’ signifies ‘A Foot and Fist Way of Life.’ While Taekwondo might seem like all about kicking and punching, in reality, it teaches you the right way to live life.

Taekwondo experts are mentally and physically strong and are all set to deal with any problematic situation, whether armed or unarmed.

Differences between Wing Chun and Taekwondo

Taekwondo and Wing Chun are two different martial art styles with two different origins. However, some of the moves and techniques involved in both these styles are somehow related.

Below, let us look into some of the key differences and similarities between both of them. 

Name Meanings

Wing Chun techniques were named after the lady master Wing Chun, a student of a Buddhist nun and the master of Shaolin Kung Fu; Ng Mui. Whereas the word Taekwondo is a combination of three words that mean “Foot & Fist way of life.”

Origin

The Wing Chun practices started in China almost 300 years ago, whereas Taekwondo originated in Korea more than 2300 years ago.

Fighting Strategy

The fighting strategies adopted by both martial art styles differ from each other as follows.

Wing ChunTaekwondo
Striking and controllingDefensive and striking
Close-rangeLong-range fighting
Hand strikingKicking
Destroy the enemy as early as possibleTake time with speedy moves
Continuous-wave of attacksFew but timely attacks
Thrusting FingersAxe Kick
Darting HandBack Kick
Wing Hand or Wing ArmCrescent Kick
Sticking HandsInside Crescent Kick
Subduing HandOutside Crescent Kick
Cultivating HandDownward Roundhouse Kick
Splitting HandDouble Roundhouse Kick
Pressing HandFront Kick
Circling HandHook Kick
Rotating HandFlying Back Kick 
Grabbing HandFlying Side Kick 
Asking HandJumping Back Kick 
Slap BlockJumping Front Kick 
Double Arm Chi Sau or Double Sticking HandsKnee Strike
Palm Up BlockPush Kick
Receiving HandRepeating Kick
Guarding HandRoundhouse Kick
Elbow StrikesScissor Kick
Thrusting FingersSide Kick
Darting HandSpinning Hook Kick Twisting Kick
Chain Punch
One Inch Punch
Wing Chun Double Punch

Suitability

Wing Chun Techniques are suitable for people of all kinds of heights and weights. Whereas, Taekwondo can only be mastered by people with a tall height and a strong body.

Learning Period

Wing Chun can be honed within a shorter period of almost two years, whereas Taekwondo requires at least four years to be acquainted.

Wing Chun vs. Taekwondo: Which One is Better for Self-Defense

Wing Chun

Within a self-defense situation, no rules or standards apply. When confronted with the opponent’s attack, the backlash, whether with or without arms, is usually freestyle. The Wing Chun techniques guide you to block the opponent’s attacks and fight back using Wing Chun moves.

A Wing Chun fighter is trained such that he should be able to block the Wing Chun punches, kicks and other moves of the attacker. Blocking Wing Chun styled punches is a cinch for a Wing Chun fighter.

However, he might face problems when attacked using techniques other than Wing Chun techniques. That being said, if a Wing Chun fighter is faced with a fight situation, he can easily save himself from the opponent’s moves only if they are the Wing Chun moves. 

On the contrary, if the opponent puts up Taekwondo moves, a Wing Chun fighter cannot block those. Wing Chun fighters are only taught the Wing Chun moves, and they can defend themselves against pre-defined Wing Chun moves only. However, in real life, you can never guarantee the attacker to be a Wing Chin fighter only.

Trained for close combats only, Wing Chun fighters can never defend themselves against freestyle opponent’s moves. Therefore, when talking about real-life self-defense situations, Wing Chun is never an all-rounder art.

Taekwondo

In contrast to Wing Chun, Taekwondo uses freestyle self-defense techniques. Taekwondo fighters are trained to fight at a distance; this helps them foresee the opponent’s moves and fight back accordingly. 

Moreover, Taekwondo has evolved in the South Korean Military wings. The modern Taekwondo techniques are much more functional and responsive. Theoretically, every style teaches specific moves and defense techniques that require time and space. However, practically, a self-defense situation requires immediate decisions and brisk counter moves.

Taekwondo, therefore, has a significant competitive advantage over Wing Chun. With more versatile techniques and training, Taekwondo is a better art when it comes to real-life self-defense situations.

A renowned Wing Chun practitioner, Bruce Lee, once said, ‘Take what is useful and discard what is useless.’ He developed the system “fancy mess” to cope with self-defense situations. This system has no system; it teaches the fighters to be prepared for any move and fight back using any technique.

Wing Chun vs. Taekwondo: Which One is Better for MMA

The mixed martial arts (MMA) is more of a sport and not a classic martial art. It combines different martial art styles and disciplines. The MMA fighters are equipped with diverse martial art styles including Jiu-Jitsu, Karate, Kung Fu, Taekwondo, Muay Thai, Boxing, etc.  

The great martial art trainer, Bruce Lee, is the father of mixed martial arts for the fancy martial art style introduced by him in the late ’60s and early ’70s. 

Wing Chun

Wing Chun is a fighting concept based on the traditional Chinese style of martial art. Theoretically, Wing Chun entails a self-defense style that is focused on defending high-powered attacks. Wing Chun techniques are very effective for mixed martial arts, as they concentrate on preventing opponents’ attacks.  

Wing Chun techniques include continuous punching and kicking, which makes the opponent nervous and defensive. Also, Wing Chun uses hand trapping in close-combats, which can turn out to be an excellent MMA move.

MMA is a sanctioned fighting competition with set rules, and any violation of those rules disqualifies the fighters from the competition. Striking the back of the head, fingers, throat, and groin is illegal in most MMA fights. Whereas, Wing Chun techniques greatly focus on all these targets and moves. 

Moreover, the Wing Chun hand strikes are developed to damage an attacker’s eye and throat, and these strikes are banned in MMA. It is nearly impossible for a Wing Chun fighter to win an MMA fight while not practicing the major Wing Chun techniques.

There was only one pure Wing Chun fighter, Asbel Conica, who fought an MMA competition. The fight continued for 21 seconds only, and not being able to cope with the opponent’s freestyle techniques, he lost it.

Taekwondo

Whereas, this is not the matter with Taekwondo. Most of the Taekwondo styles consist of powerful kicks that give you a super-competitive edge in MMA fights.  

In an MMA fight, every participant comes with diverse fighting skills and styles. It is not possible to fight such versatile fighters with a single style. Modern Taekwondo is a combination of different fighting styles and techniques that help the fighters combat freestyle attacks.

Therefore, Taekwondo techniques are much more helpful in winning an MMA competition as compared to Wing Chun. However, many Taekwondo moves, including bone-breaking, gouging eyes, or killing your opponent, are prohibited in MMA. Yet, many other diverse Taekwondo moves win the edge over Wing Chun moves.

Conclusion

When it comes to self-defense or MMA, Taekwondo is certainly better than Wing Chun. Wing Chun is a classic martial art more focused on blocking the opponent attacks with a sound answer. However, Taekwondo has revolutionized over the years and is equipped with modern-day defensive and attacking strategies.

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