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Martial Arts Belts: Everything You Need to Know

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Martial arts belts are used to represent the ranking and progress of students in martial art.

It was a system put in place to reward the best students and show their progress until they get to the highest rank after attaining a certain level of expertise.

Martial arts belts consist of 9 belt colors: white belt, yellow belt, orange belt, green belt, blue belt, purple belt, black belt, and red belt. The number and order of martial art belts can vary depending on specific martial arts.

In this article, I will tell you everything about martial arts belts colors, what are the highest ranked martial arts belts (and is there a belt above black?), the history of belts in martial arts, and much more about martial arts belts.

Martial Arts Belts Colors

If you are a martial art student, your rank will be denoted by the color of the belt tied around your waist with your uniform.

In almost all types of martial arts, the first belt is the white belt and you will have to progress from there until you reach the peak, i.e., the highest stage which has been described as the black belt.

However, getting to reach the black belt takes dedication and several years. Before you get to that stage, you will move from one color to another and each belt color has its special meaning and it also signifies a level of experience and progress.

The different colors that have been associated with martial art include white, yellow, orange, green, blue, purple, brown, and black (and red belt) in the order of ranks. 

White Belt

This is the belt usually worn by beginners and it symbolizes the birth of a seed or a fresh beginning. This belt is giving to those people that are just starting their skills in martial art.

Yellow Belt

This is the second level in martial art and the color represents the idea that the sun is warming the seed. 

Orange Belt                                     

This is the third stage of martial art skills and it represents that the seed is getting warmed and strengthened to prepare them for new growth. It usually denotes a student’s body and minds starting to develop and strengthen.

Green Belt

This is the fourth stage of martial art skills and it usually signifies that the student is beginning to hone his or her skills and has begun to learn how to refine and strengthen his techniques of martial arts.

Blue Belt

This is the blue belt and it represents the process to possess a certain level of more confidence where the student becomes stronger and continues to get the needed knowledge to ensure the correct path is being followed.

Purple Belt

This is the stage where students get ready to transit to an advanced level in martial art, a stage where a student has to understand what he requires to obtain the highest rank of black belt that is no so far away.

Brown Belt 

The brown belt is the stage when the student starts to appreciate all the hard work and dedication he has put into attaining the skills since he started with a white belt. This will also help him to push to get to the black belt stage.

Black Belt

This is the most prestigious stage of martial art belts and it is the time a student must have full control of his or her abilities and knowledge and also possess the power to teach them to new students. 

Red Belt

The red belt could sometimes denote a pre-black stage where the student becomes powerful in abilities and must respect and recognize this power. A red belt could sometimes denote the grandmaster, i.e. the stage after some levels of black belt.

Martial Arts Belts History

Most Japanese, Chinese, and Korean Martial Arts use the kyū/dan system along with colored belts for ranking grades.

According to the Japanese Martial Arts, dan ranks are equivalent to and are represented by black belts. There are various dan ranks that are style specific. [1]

Usually, dan ranks are from 1st to 5th and 1st to 10th represented by various degrees in black belts.

Ranks below the dan ranks are called kyū ranks. These are basic ranks denoted by various colored belts.

Once a person has achieved the dan rank, he is no longer considered a beginner and not necessarily an expert. A dan rank signifies that an individual knows how to walk and may hence begin the journey.

The many dan ranks in Japanese Martial Arts are pronounced as such,

Degree1st Dan2nd Dan3rd Dan4th Dan5th Dan
PronunciationShodanNidanSandanYondanGodan
Degree6th Dan7th Dan8th Dan9th Dan10th Dan
PronunciationRokudanShichidanHachidanKudanJūdan

Usually, 1st to 8th dan is represented by a black belt while the 9th and 10th dan is represented by a red belt.

Meanwhile, the Chinese Martial Arts has a graduation system based on nine Duan levels – split into three each for each of beginner, intermediate, and advanced levels. 

The beginner level or basic duans are awarded to students with a few years of experience.

The intermediate level or middle-level duans are awarded to students/coaches with 5-10 years of coaching experience.

The advanced level or the final three duans are for experienced masters with established reputations in Wushu. An advanced level individual is allowed to call himself a “Grand Master”.

Instead of a belt system, Chinese Martial Arts has adopted three animals – Ying (Eagle), Hu (Tiger), and Long (Dragon). These animals along with 3 different colors – bronze, silver, and gold decide the level of an individual.

In Korean Martial Arts, the grading system is based on dan ranks. A person with a dan rank (equivalent to 1st degree black belt) is called a “yudanja” and one above 6th dan rank (equivalent to 6th degree black belt) is called a “godanja”.

The dan ranks for most Korean Martial Arts do not go past the ninth dan but in some places, a tenth dan is also offered.

  • Il dan or 1st dan – first-degree black belt
  • I dan or 2nd dan – second-degree black belt
  • Sam dan or 3rd dan – third-degree black belt
  • Sa dan or 4th dan – fourth-degree black belt
  • O dan or 5th dan – fifth-degree black belt
  • Yuk dan or 6th dan – sixth-degree black belt
  • Chil dan or 7th dan – seventh-degree black belt
  • Pal dan or 8th dan – eighth-degree black belt
  • Gu dan or 9th dan – ninth-degree black belt
  • Sip dan or 10th dan – tenth-degree black belt

Other martial art traditions apart from the East Asian Martial Arts use their own system of belt ranking which are colored from white (beginner) to black (advanced).

Highest Belt in Martial Arts

Usually, the black belt is the highest belt in martial arts. But, in a few arts including Judo, Brazilian Jiu-Jitsu, and Karate, the red belt is reserved for exemplary masters of the art and is above the black belt.

No universally accepted standard governs how the belt colors of martial art should be, each type of martial arts follows its own rules, explanations, and traditions and there are at times variations within the same type.

However, it is generally accepted that the first belt should be white while the highest belt is black. You will usually move from white belt to yellow belt, to orange belt, to green belt, to blue belt, to purple belt, to brown belt, and then to black belt which is the peak.

Meanwhile, there are levels to black belts and it takes a level of mastery and time to attain those feats.

How Many Degree Black Belts Are There?

The black belt in martial arts has a significant meaning and it is usually referred to as a level of competence when first attained, but as you move higher, you begin to move towards a certain level of mastery.

This ranking system has been labeled to be the Dan ranking system. It has also been researched that there are up to 10 mastery levels (degrees) beyond the first Dan black belt and it may take a lifetime to accomplish them.

This means that there are 10 different degrees for black belts and though the color of the belts will still remain black, different inscriptions per level are usually written on them to denote seniority.

Is There a Belt Above Black?

As stated above, the black belt has been generally accepted as the highest-ranked belt, but for some martial arts, some other colors have been placed above the black belt when someone attains a very high grade.

In Judo and Karate, a red and white belt is usually worn by a sixth dan. Usually, this belt is used for ceremonial occasions while the regular black belt is still used for training. For the ninth and 10th dan, red belts are awarded by some schools while others award purple belts. 

Martial Arts Red Belt

A red belt is commonly used to differentiate an opponent in a competition or it is used to denote ranks. Its use is usually varying depending on the martial art but most times, it is given to grandmasters and some other high ranks.

However, some arts use a red belt for beginners while some use it as a pre-black rank. For modern Karate, blue and red belts are used by competitors and it is the rule that these are the two belts worn in this competition.

Mainly, a red belt is usually designated for the person with the highest rank, i.e. a grandmaster, or for pre-black or perhaps conventionally worn in Karate competitions.

You must understand that to attain the best belt in martial art, it takes dedication, discipline, hard work, persistence, patience, perseverance, and time. Only those who can undergo these processes will attain the highest belts.


If you are interested in ranking systems (belts) of specific martial arts, you can check them out here:

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